We use certain non-GAAP financial measures, specifically Adjusted EBITDA, Free Cash Flow, Leverage, and Senior Leverage in addition to GAAP financial measures as supplemental financial data to assist management and the public in their analysis and valuation of our company. These measures are not formulated in accordance with GAAP, are not meant to replace GAAP financial measures and may differ from other companies’ uses or formulations. Further discussions and reconciliations of our non-GAAP financial measures to comparable GAAP financial measures are provided via the hyperlink below. The Company does not provide reconciliations on a forward-looking basis.
Certain Non-GAAP Measures:
Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (Adjusted EBITDA):
Management considers Adjusted EBITDA to be an indicator of our assets’ operating performance. Management also believes that Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by industry analysts, investors and lenders as a measure of valuation. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA is the basis for calculating Adjusted EBITDA under our Bank Credit Agreement (BCA), which is used in computing our ability to borrow under the BCA.
Free Cash Flow (FCF):
Management considers Free Cash Flow to be an indicator of our assets’ operating performance. Management also believes that Free Cash Flow is a commonly used measure of valuation for companies in the broadcast industry. In addition, this measure is frequently used by industry analysts, investors and lenders as a measure of valuation for broadcast companies, although their definitions of Free Cash Flow may differ from our definition. We believe this measure serves as a valuable assessment tool for investors to identify potential trends in our performance.
Total Indebtedness Ratio (Leverage) and Senior Indebtedness Ratio (Senior Leverage):
Leverage and Senior Leverage are formulated in accordance with the BCA and are components of the maximum leverage and senior leverage ratios permitted by the BCA. Management considers Leverage and Senior Leverage to be important indicators of our ability to incur additional debt under our BCA, our ability to service our existing debt and the extent of our compliance with the leverage and senior leverage covenants in our BCA. We believe that industry analysts and investors commonly use our level of compliance with the financial covenants contained in our BCA as a measure of our ability to service existing debt and our liquidity, generally.
The following tables provide reconciliations between 1) Net Income and Free Cash Flow and Adjusted EBITDA, and 2) between debt on the balance sheet and Indebtedness and Senior Indebtedness. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net cash flow from operating activities, net cash flow from investing activities and financing activities, net loss or net income, operating income, and debt, as well as other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP.